Al-Fattah Travel Pte Ltd

AZERBAIJAN TO UZBEKISTAN TOUR: «To the Heart of Silk Road»

This fascinating cultural-informative tour runs across two countries - Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan - two countries of ancient culture and rich history; two countries of green valleys, snowy picks and sultry deserts, where the sunlight is bright and dazzling, where water is life itself, and where hospitable and kind people are resided.

During the tour you will stop by the fairytale Palace of Sheki khans in Azerbaijan, and visit the relics and monuments of oriental architecture in Uzbekistan, and many other sites. Immerse yourself in the oriental world with its unorthodox and sight captivating architecture, ancient monuments, abound antique shops and handicraft workshops.

Visit the cities which are colored with bright colors of national dress and stirring and inflaming dances, and take delight in the rich cuisine of these people of original culture.

DAY 1. ARRIVAL IN BAKU

Upon arrival to International airport of Baku the tourist will be met by our representative, after meeting we will take road to the hotel. Upon arrival to the hotel we will have check in to the hotel and have a free time.

Overnight at the hotel.

 

DAY 2. BAKU

Breakfast at the hotel. The city tour to Baku will bring you unforgettable impressions. Sometimes people compare it with another ancient city – Naples. Baku is situated on Absheron Peninsula. It’s not only a big port in the country, but also a city of winds on beautiful bank of Caspian Sea. This name is connected with that fact that in Baku strong winds blow rather often.

The most outstanding place of the city is Baku boulevard. Sometimes we could hear another mane of it – a local national park. This place is more than 100 years. During many years local government planted here many trees and flowers. Walking further the tourists could find themselves in Old City with many historical monuments. During the strife for independence many innocent people were killed. Now the memory about them is kept in the alley of martyrs. Here we could read the names not only local heroes, but also the names of soldiers from Turkey and Britain. Many of them were only 20 and even less.

You’ll also find much joy visiting fountain square. Near this place many shops and cafes can be found. This square attracted many city residents through years ago. The square was also used for parades and was regarded to be a real social center of Baku. Try to discover these outstanding places with our tours.

To touch the history of the country people must investigate its oldest places. Start the excursion through Baku from Icheri sheher - the inner city. There is an opinion that Old City with Maiden Tower was built in 12th century. Other scientists say that this monumental complex was created not earlier as 7th century. Nobody know exactly how old these pieces of architecture are, but they remain the main part of modern Baku. This place has two gates. Having a walk about this territory you can notice Shirvanshah's Palace – a rather clear evidence of the past time in Baku city. It takes us back in time when Shirvanshahs dynasty ruled here. A magnificent look of this Palace impresses modern tourists. Karavansaray will help you to know Eastern architecture as it is an important example of it.

In ancient times all eastern cities had several caravanserais. They were traditionally built on trade routes between two different parts of Eurasian continent – Europe and Asia. It was a place where merchants and travelers could stay for rest. In Inner City tourists could also observe pagan temples that render the atmosphere of far gone days. A museum in Maiden Tower helps to learn some facts from historical evolution of Baku. This Tower looks like a cylindrical structure with eight stores. Overnight at the hotel.

 

DAY 3. BAKU – SHEMAKHA – SHEKI

Breakfast at the hotel. Departure to Sheki. Azerbaijan has many secrets that are able to express the ancient beauty. Shamakhi is an especial city among the others. Long ago it was a capital of well-known Shirvan Empire. Here representatives of Shirvan Dynasty lived. Nowadays Shamakhi is thought to be a place with very developed winemaking. Visiting this city you have an opportunity to observe an outstanding mausoleum called Yeddi Gumbez. Its magnificent domes rise above the silent and lonesome landscapes and create mysterious atmosphere.

In Shamakhi you can also find an interesting architecture Diri Baba. This is a famous tomb place. Its architectural complex bears a clear evidence of the middle ages. Diri Baba was built on the rock and look like a big eagle nest. To investigate it you must be strong as you should climb a straight wall. But after you do it, you’ll see a sacred place from inside. Before we come up closer to it we see only one facade but the other sides are hidden in cliffs. The monument has two stores. Scientists say that the first one could be used by servants. The salon is in the second floor. You could get there using stairs. The tourists have different opinions about this monument. One thinks it to be a real sacred place while another see it as a simple burial place. Arrival to Sheki and accommodation in hotel. Overnight at the hotel.

 

DAY 4.  SHEKI – BAKU

Breakfast at the hotel. Check out from the hotel and begin to Sheki city tour. An excursion to Sheki will bring you a good portion of joy. This is the oldest city in Azerbaijan. In ancient times people sold silk here. It was famous among merchants from the Great Silk Road. Sheki has a big History museum where tourist could investigate artifacts from different periods. Another interesting place is Khan's summer Palace. It has wonderful facades decorated with floral motives. Interior design of it impresses even more. Here you can see different frescoes painted by the best craftsman.

Some of them feature flowers, while another give us a picture of ancient hunting or scenes of battles. To build a palace masters used bricks, river stones and oak. It has 6 rooms. You can also see two beautiful mirrored balconies here. In other decoration rare colored Venetian glass is used. All rooms in this palace have especial decorations. We can find here refined miniatures featuring birds, animals, paradise scenes. All these paintings were made with bright colors.

This building shows us that even in 17th century wall-painting was rather developed. The first floor of this palace shows the richness and powerful reign of khans. A great number of animals and hunting motives on the walls are thought to be symbols of nobility. In ancient times the palace was surrounded by beautiful garden. Nowadays we see only two big trees here. After excursions departure to Baku. Arrival to Baku and accommodation to hotel.

Overnight at the hotel.

 

DAY 5- ABSHERON PENINSULA

Breakfast at the hotel. Tour to Gobustan rock art museum. Gobustan is a geographical area, which consists of ravines located between the south-eastern foot of the Great Caucasian mountains and Caspian Sea. The territory of Gobustan borders in the north on the southern foot of the Great Caucasian Range, in the west - on the river Pirsaat, in the south - on the mountains Harami and Mishov. In the east - on the Caspian Sea and Absheron peninsula.

The preserve is located in 70 kilometers from the capital of Azerbaijan - Baku city and covers the area of the mountains Bejukdash, Kichikdash, Djingirdag, Shongar and Shikhgaya. The climate of the area is dry subtropical. Gobustan State historical-artistic preserve is an open-air museum. The preserve studies rock carvings, records and protects them. Gobustan rock carvings were discovered at the foot of the mountain Djingirdag and on the top of the hill Jazili in 1939. Since 1947 the monument has been systematically researched. The first-discoverer of the Gobustan carvings was the Azerbaijan archaeologist I.Djafarzadeh. At the present moment more than 6000 carvings a signs have been registered on the more than 1000 rocks.

They differ from each other by variety of their subject-matters. Mainly among carvings of Gobustan the pictures of men and women carved in full face and in profile as a reverse bas-relief are of peculiar importance. The men are shown being strong dressed in loin-cloths and armed with bow and arrow. The female figures are shown with protruded breast a full hips. They were shown as continuers of the kin. Gobustan carvings consist of the pictures of animals, bulls, goats, wild horses, deer, gazelles, pigs, lions, wolves and others. Pictures of animals mainly were shown by contour lines. Gobustan rock carvings are also rich by their different compositions. One can meet here scenes of collective labor, hunting, dance, harvest, battle and others.

Ateshgah - is a very special place full of mystery. It bears the evidences of worship to Zoroaster. Here in these walls ancient monotheistic religion started to develop. This great temple is located on unique territory. Hindu community who inhabited Baku created a great monument devoted to their God. Time changed many things but nowadays tourists still could see real phenomenon embodied in natural gas burning. Because of this wonder, sometimes this temple is called “burning mountain”.

There is a place where nature gas always burns. Visit Apsheron Peninsula and you’ll see there a beautiful burning rock that make people come here and look at this mysterious phenomenon. This place is located near Baku so having your excursion there use an opportunity to visit Yanar Dag. Long ago this peninsula was a center of Zoroastrianism religion. The flames of this rock could rise above on 10 feet. People call this peninsula “land of fire”. This fire rock impresses more when sun goes down. Its fire blazes light the darkness and we you could feel a real magic atmosphere as gods descend to earth from heavens. Even when it rains or snows the fire continues to burn. Tourists who came here call this phenomenon like “torches from nowhere”. This place attracted many famous travelers. Marco Polo and even A. Dyuma came here to have a look at this burning rock.

Overnight at the hotel.

 

DAY 6. BAKU – TASHKENT

Breakfast at the hotel. Check out from the hotel.  You will be transferred to Baku International Airport for flight to Tashkent*. Departure.

Arrival in Tashkent. You will be met by representative of “Azerbaijan Adventures” partner Travel Agency and transferred to the hotel. Leisure time. Dinner at local restaurant.

Overnight at the hotel.

 

* Flights from Baku to Tashkent on Mondays and Thursdays.

 

DAY 7. TASHKENT

Breakfast at the hotel. Meet your guide to start sightseeing in the capital of Uzbekistan, the biggest city in Central Asia. Visit new part of the city: "New Tashkent Television Tower" - the highest in Central Asia - 375 m, "Memorial to the Victims of Repression" - the memorial complex and museum, "Monument of Courage" - the epicenter of Tashkent earthquake of 1966 (1976 y), Amir Timur Square, Independence Square and Applied Arts Museum.

Lunch at local restaurant. Then visit old part of the city: the architectural complex "Khazret-Imam", including necropolis of imam Abu Bakr Muhammad al-Kaffal Shashi who was one of the first Muslim imams and a famous divine and poet (16th c), "Barak-khan Madrassah" - built by Suyunidj-khan - the first ruler of the Uzbek dynasty of the Sheibanid's (16th c), "Tellya Sheikh Madrassah" also called "Khast Imom Mosque" where Osman Quran - the world's oldest is kept (19th c), "Mui-Mubarak Madrassah (19th c)", "Juma Mosque" (15-19th cc), Imam Ismail al Bukhari Islamic Institute - a two year post-madrassah academy, "Hadra" square, "Kukeldash Madrassah" ("Foster brother") - was built by Kukeldash - the vizier of Tashkent khans (16th c), "Jami Mosque"- the third biggest mosque in Uzbekistan, "Chorsu" - oriental bazaar, "National park", "Abdulkasim Madrassah" which now is the centre for traditional arts with attractive souvenirs by local artisans (19th c). Dinner at local restaurant.

Overnight at the hotel.  

 

DAY 8. TASHKENT - SAMARKAND

Early breakfast atthe hotel. At 07:00 transfer from your hotel to railway station. Fast-speed train “Afrasiab” departs Tashkent at 08:00 and arrives in Samarkand at 10:10 (300 km). Your guide and driver will meet you at train station to begin the city tour in Samarkand. Visit Gur Emir Mausoleum - Tamerlane’s tomb (14-15th c.) that was built for Temur's grandson Muhammad-Sultan and the tombs of three other Temurids - sons of Temur - Miranshah and Shahruh and his grandson Ulugbek, Ruhabad Mausoleum ("House of Spirit") - the legend says that under the dome there is a box with seven hairs of Prophet Muhammad (14th c.), Registan Square ("A sandy place") - the major square of Samarkand: Ulugbek Madrassah - Sheikh Khodja Akhrar and poet Djami were among outstanding graduates of the madrassah (15th c.), Sher-Dor Madrassah ("Having tigers") (17th c.), Tillya-Kari Madrassah ("Coated by gold") - the rich gilding on the dome, walls and mihrab surpassed all other famous buildings in Central Asia (17th c.). Lunch and dinner at local restaurants.

Overnight at the hotel.  

 

DAY 9. SAMARKAND – BUKHARA

Breakfast atthe hotel. Continue sightseeing: visit the mosque named after Hazret-Hyzr - an Islamic saint and eternal wanderer. He was esteemed as giving richness and good luck in far voyages and trade (19th c.), cathedral mosque Bibi-Khanym that was named after the oldest wife of Tamerlan (14th c.), the architectural complex Shahi-Zinda (Alive king) - necropolis on the slope of the Afrosiab hill is connected with Kusam ibn Abbas - the cousin of Prophet Muhammad (11-15th c) and Siab bazaar.

Lunch at local restaurant. At 14:00 depart Samarkand and drive to Bukhara (280 km, 4 h.*). Arrive in Bukhara, check in to the hotel. Free time. Dinner at local restaurant.

Overnight at the hotel.

 

DAY 10. BUKHARA

Breakfast at the hotel. Enjoy a walking sightseeing tour with a guide in Old City. Visit mausoleum of the Samanids - the most ancient brick building in Central Asia, a masterpiece of world architecture (9-10th c.), the mausoleum of Chashma Ayub that belongs to esteemed "places of trace" left by saints (14th c). The legend says that once the bible prophet Job (Ayub) visited this place.

Visit to the museums of Imam Al Bukhari and "The Museum of Water". Bolo-Houz Mosque - the only monument of medieval Bukhara (beg. of 20th c), Ark - the center of Bukhara statehood (4th c BC), silk carpet shops, complex Poi Kalon ("Beneath the Great"): Kalyan Minaret - the main symbol of sacred Bukhara that symbolized authority and power of spiritual governors. (12th c), Kalyan Mosque - its area of 130 x 80 m surpasses Bibi-Khanym mosque in Samarkand, Miri Arab Madrassah - active madrassah is one of the most esteemed spiritual Islamic universities (16th c), Taki Zargaron - the dome of jewelers (15-16th cc), Ulugbek Madrassah - one of the 3 madrassahs constructed by grandson of Tamerlan - Ulugbek (15th c), Abdulaziz-khan Madrassah - a traditional madrassah with 2 floors of hudjras and a mosque on the central axis ( mid. of 17th c), Tim of Abdullah-Khan madrassah (1588-1590), atlas shops, Magoki-Attari Mosque - the most ancient mosque in Bukhara (12th c) is considered a masterpiece of Bukhara architecture, Khanaka and madrassah of Nadir Divan-Beghi - a massive rectangular structure that was a place for the refuge and meditation of Sufis (17th c), Kukeldash Madrassah (16th c) - one of the biggest Bukhara madrassah, Lyabi-Hauz ensemble - the largest artificial reservoir of medieval Bukhara - is very popular among travelers (14-17th cc), Chor Minor ("Four minarets") is an unusual madrassah built by Caliph Niyazkul (18th c). Lunch and dinner at local restaurants.

Overnight at the hotel.

 

DAY 11. BUKHARA - TASHKENT

Breakfast at the hotel. Transfer to local airport in Bukhara for flight to Tashkent (605 km, 1 h. 45 min.).
Upon arrival you will be met at the airport and transferred to the hotel. Free time. Lunch and dinner at local restaurants.

Overnight at the hotel.

 

DAY 12. TASHKENT – DEPARTURE

Breakfast at the hotel. Check-out from the hotel at noon. Free time until transfer to Tashkent International Airport. Departure.

End of the tour. 

 

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